- Pupils develop a love of reading through: listening to adults reading books out loud; independently reading books they have chosen; reading out loud with good intonation.
- Phonics is effectively taught in Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 and pupils confidently apply their phonics skills to early reading. Where children are not effectively applying phonics knowledge additional support is offered to pupils in all year groups.
- Pupils read widely including: fiction; non-fiction; poetry texts.
- Children read for a variety of purposes: reading for pleasure; undertaking research; in everyday situations (eg following written instructions).
- Pupils develop a deep understanding of the text through a clear understanding of the eight reading domains (five domains in Key Stage 1).
Phonics – Optima reader
Pupils are taught phonics using an approach called Optima reader. Phonics is taught daily for 15 minutes in Reception and Key Stage 1. The session is broken up into the following sections:
Synthesis -putting sounds together to pronounce a word which is a key skill in learning to read.
Segmentation -breaking words into sounds which is a key skill in learning to write and spell.
Progression in phonics:
Phonemes- one letter which makes a single sound e.g a,b,c
Diagraphs- two letters which make a single sound e.g ck, th, ee
Trigraphs- three letters which make a single sound e.g ing, igh, air
Sight vocabulary (tricky words)– words which can not be sounded out phonetically e.g the, there, was
Vocabulary – we develop the children’s vocabulary: with words taken from books they read; topics they are learning; words that excite them. Each word has an action and definition.
Story – the phonic session is finished with a story we have selected. This session brings the phonics to life.
- Pupils will develop specific writing skills which are then applied in independent writing tasks (see Writing – Sequence of Teaching Skills in writing).
- Pupils will enjoy the writing process and see themselves as effective writers who engage their reader by making use of: a range of sentence types; effective punctuation; excellent vocabulary
- Pupils will make effective use of writing strategies such as: cohesion; expanded noun phrases; dialogue to convey character; formality, to write at greater depth (see Writing at Greater Depth abridged)
- Pupils will be able to write quickly and neatly because they have a fluent handwriting technique.
- Pupils will make effective use of editing and proof reading to improve the impact of their writing.